Possible Genocide Against the Rohingya

Case Study: Possible Genocide Against the Rohingya


When: June 2012 – Present

Where: Burma (also known as “Myanmar”)


  • Perpetrators: Burmese Security Forces, Rakhine Nationalist Development Party (RNDP), Buddhist Monkhood
  • Targets: Rohingya people, an ethnic and religious minority in Burma


  • ~6,800 people dead (exact total unknown)
  • Hundreds of thousands refugees

Take Action!

Politico: Trump officials split over punishing Myanmar for atrocities

Help prevent a possible genocide by calling Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and asking him to bring the Burma Human Rights and Freedom Act (S.2060) to a vote:

Read Human Rights Watch’s analysis on the Burma Human Rights and Freedom Act.

Learn More:

Background Articles:

Human Rights Watch:  All You Can Do Is Pray

Human Rights Watch: Questions and Answers on Gambia’s Genocide Case Against Myanmar before the International Court of Justice

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Atrocities Against Burma’s Rohingya Population

National Geographic: Myanmar’s Rohingya Are in Crisis—What You Need to Know

News Articles:

Human Rights Watch Photo Essay: Rohingya Refugees Surpass Half a Million

Human Rights Watch: Scores of Rohingya Villages Bulldozed

Human Rights Watch: Burma: Ethnic Cleansing, Repression, Denials

Human Rights Watch: Yes to Refugee Repatriation, But First Things First

Human Rights Watch: US Imposes Human Rights Day Sanctions on Myanmar

New York Times Interactive Report: Nothing Bad Happened Here. Believe Us, They Said.


The “ethnic cleansing” of Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims, explained (5:14 mins)

Rohingya crisis: Meeting Myanmar’s hardline Buddhist monks (4:29 mins)

Burma: Methodical Massacre at Rohingya Village (2:19 mins)

Widespread Rape in the Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya in Burma (4:39 mins)

Back to the Genocide Awareness and Prevention Toolkit

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