#StudentsNotProducts Glossary

Advertising Technology (AdTech): Companies that collect massive amounts of data about people to target them with ads tailored to their presumed interests and desires. (HRW)

Algorithm: A list set of instructions, used to solve problems or perform tasks that give computers step-by-step instructions to accomplish specific tasks and make decisions. (International Institute in Geneva)

Consent: Permission, approval, or agreement. (Dictionary.com)

Data: Information in digital form that can be transmitted or processed. (Merriam-Webster)

Data Broker: A business that collects and sells to third parties the personal information of a consumer with whom the business does not have a direct relationship. (Cal. State Legislature A.B. 1202)

Data Protection: Methods and rules by which personal or official data that is provided to organizations, etc. is prevented from being wrongly used or made public. (Cambridge Dictionary)

Digital Literacy: The ability to access, manage, understand, integrate, communicate, evaluate and create information safely and appropriately through digital technologies. (UNESCO)

Educational Technology (EdTech): Software that is used for educational purposes, in an educational setting, or that processes student’s data. This includes software used to administer the school such as databases used to hold students’ data, systems used to deliver teacher’s lessons and materials, such as Google Classroom or Zoom, and systems that provide lessons themselves, such as Khan Academy or Duolingo. (Privacy International)

Digital Learning Platform: Allows students to access and absorb educational content in a strictly digital fashion, in either groups or individual settings. Online learning can take place live at set times, or it can entail pre-recorded lessons for students to complete on their own time. Examples of these platforms are Coursera, Blackboard, .Canvas, and Moodle. (Forbes)

Digital Privacy: Refers to the protection of an individual’s information that is used or created while using the Internet on a computer or personal device. (Edmonton Public Library)

Privacy Audit: A systematic and independent assessment of how well your organization complies with relevant data protection laws and regulations, as well as your own policies and best practices. (LinkedIn)

Surveilled: To subject to surveillance (close watch kept over someone or something). (Merriam Webster)

#StudentsNotProducts: A Human Rights Watch campaign launched in May 2022 to amplify the findings of its ground-breaking report on how the vast majority of government-authorized EdTech that were used for remote learning during Covid-19 school closures violated children’s right to privacy. The campaign aims to educate parents, teachers, and students on the harms related to children’s online privacy and to mobilize them to call on governments to pass child data protection laws. (HRW #StudentsNotProducts)

Tracking technologies: Programs used to collect and analyze information about how users interact with entities’ websites or mobile applications. (US Dept. of Health and Human Services)

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